Education is a natural process carried out by the child and is not acquired by listening to words but by experiences in the environment.
Understanding Montessori Education
Dr. Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870 and became the first woman doctor in her country’s history. She was one of the most influential pioneers in early childhood education. She devised a method of education which combines a philosophy with a practical approach based on the central ideas of freedom for the child within a carefully planned and structured environment.
The great pioneering achievement of Dr. Maria Montessori was to recognise the crucial importance of a child’s first six years of development. It is during this time that a child’s powers of absorption are highest and lifelong attitudes and patterns of learning are firmly formed. It is for the sensitive period that the Montessori system of education was most uniquely and effectively designed.
The main aim of Montessori education is to help each individual child reach his/her full potential in an environment, specifically prepared to meet the child’s needs and interests. The adults and children are an integral part of this nurturing environment which should facilitate the Montessori motto of ‘Following the child’.
“FOLLOWING THE CHILD”
The key fundamentals are:
Supporting the child as an active learner
Respecting the inner life of the child
Trusting the child’s inner motivation
Providing freedom within limits
Encouraging the child’s inner discipline
(Montessori Centre International, 2013)
The exercises of the practical life, which are the foundation of a Montessori environment, provide a wholesome range of activities which allow children to develop control and coordination of movement, awareness of his environment, good work habits, responsibility, concentration, attention span, independence, order and positive self-image which can be attained through spontaneous and purposeful work.
Sensorial Training helps children be more sensitive to his learning environment through the use of his five senses. These sensorial exercises help your child to order, relate, explore and classify their sense perception they had before coming to school.
A multi-sensory approach that combines phonics, stories and language experiences to bring meaning to the learning of reading and writing. Children need not learn by heart, but utilize all their senses to help them read and write with proper understanding. Discovering language becomes interesting, fun and creative therough activities in the Pink, Blue and Green Montessori Language Series.
An activity-based programme that allows young children to have hands-on experience in learning mathematical concepts. Montessori arithmetic is taught through the manipulation of concrete objects. This well-researched Montessori Mathematical apparatus are used to facilitate children’s learning by making mathematical concepts simple and logical.
Cultural studies includes the study of geography, botany, history, the solar system and also includes field trips. It is one area where children will be encouraged to do their own research and learn beyond the classroom. Their creativity and interests can flourish as they get opportunities for real engagement with their natural learning environment.